Oriental rugs have survived centuries in
comparatively good condition, it is because of careful treatment. Oriental rugs
will give remarkably long service if treated with proper consideration. Their
two enemies, apart from the inevitable destructive effect of wear, are moths and
dampness. The former is best kept at bay by frequent moving or handling and by
regular exposure to light and air. If rugs must be stored, then inspection at
intervals is essential. A carpet in use is rarely in danger from moths. Certain
chemical applications will render the wool inedible to moths. Dampness will in
time rot the threads and destroy the fabric but it can be avoided by obvious
means. If any mechanical damage is sustained such as cut or burn, the damage
should be dealt with as soon as possible by a competent person for such lesions
get worse very quickly. In ordinary use, quite apart from accident, the ends and
sides often tend to wear and fray in which case the parts should be re overcast.
Places in the middle of the carpet that are locally worn or damaged can have new
knots inserted and even large holes can be restored so as to be almost as good
as new, though such work is rather expensive. In carpets of lesser value,
instead of new knotting, patches cut from a suitable rug can often be inserted
at less cost and sometimes a serviceable small rug can be made from a larger
worn one by cutting away the bad parts.
Frequently rotate the rug from sunny areas to
the other side of the room to equalize the effect of the sun. Continuous
exposure to bright hot sun rays and even indirect sunlight will cause damage to
the dyed fabrics used in Oriental rugs. On bright sunny days, use window shades,
shutters or heavy curtains to reduce the sun damage. Also, in terms of fading,
sometimes gases and fumes (from furnaces, cooking stoves, chimneys and auto
exhausts) mix with oxygen and humidity in the atmosphere to form an acid. This
acid reacts on the wool and causes deterioration and discoloration. Usually
faded areas are hidden by soil and will not be apparent until the surface has
been cleaned. In this case, contrast of color fading could be avoided by
rotating rugs from time to time to make fading or soiling uniform and by
changing their places so that all parts of the rug will have a chance for
Good quality padding protects the rug
especially in heavily trafficked areas. The best padding is a hair or fiber
filled pad with rubberized surfaces to keep the rug from moving or wrinkling.
The life of an Oriental rug can be doubled with the use of a good quality pad.
If a rug is to be stored for a long period of
time, use sheet or cloth to wrap it, but do not use an airtight plastic bag.
Oriental rugs need to breathe and they will sometimes rot or mildew in a plastic
bag. They could also be rolled up and kept in a chest with some Para dichlorobenzene
crystals, which will have to be renewed every few months. Ideally large carpets
should be rolled around poles, the protruding ends of which should rest on
blocks or trestles. It is advisable to let carpets lie flat on top of one
another for any length of time. Do NOT store rugs in a humid, damp, warm or
poorly ventilated room. This causes mildew that usually has a musty odor,
discolors fabrics, and weakens them so that they fall in pieces. Never leave an
Oriental rug wet. Failure to remove all of the moisture might result in mildew.
Do NOT store an Oriental rug in a hot closet. The base of a rug can dry out and
become brittle destroying the strength and durability of the rug
Moths can cause extensive damage to Oriental
rugs. Not only do moths eat the pile but they also eat the knots on the back of
a rug. Moths are especially attracted to areas such as those under furniture
that remain relatively undisturbed. It is quite simple to eliminate these pests
and safeguard against their return. Both front and back of a carpet should be
sprayed about every six months with any one of a number of available moth sprays
To up-right the piles that are indented or
crushed by legs of heavy furniture, brush the depressed area with a soft brush
and faintly moisten the area by a spray and follow-up by brushing.
The beauty and life of Oriental rugs are
vitally dependent on their cleanliness. Lack of maintenance will contribute to
loss in the potential of investment.
Never vacuum against the nap of the rug (the
direction of the nap can easily be determined by running the hand across the
pile from fringe to fringe). Vacuuming against the nap also presses dirt back
into the rug. Never vacuum the rugs’ fringes. The continued catching of the
fringe in the suction of a vacuum cleaner causes the fringes to break and tear.
Sweeping with a broom will give the best result. As a general rule always vacuum
with a low-level suction using a new bag
Always rub or brush lightly from the outer edge
toward the center of the stain to prevent spreading or causing "the
ring" when using solvents especially on twist rugs and pile carpets. On
old, dry or stubborn stains, saturate, blot, and brush. Repeat this operation as
often as necessary to remove the stain completely
STAIN REMOVAL PACKAGE
You have to move fast which means you should
keep a little box containing the following close at hand at all times: Dry
cleaning fluid, Clean Cloths, White Vinegar, Mild Detergent (containing no
alkalis or bleaches), Alcohol, Sponges, Clothes brush, Weak Ammonia 7% solution.
TIPS ON CLEANING UP STAINS
Do it fast.
Blot up all excess spill with paper towels.
Apply antidote's as shown on list with a clean dry cloth, working from the edge
to the center.
Do not soak.
Pat with paper towels. Dry with fan or hair blower.
Restore pile with clothes brush.
CANDLE WAX: Place
a blotter or brown paper bag over the spot. Put a hot iron over the blotter.
Wait a few minutes until the wax is absorbed into the blotter. Repeat if
necessary. Move the iron constantly and do not let it stay in one place.
CHEWING GUM: Press ice cubes against
spot. Wait until it becomes brittle and breaks off. Use spot remover to vanish
last traces. Saturate the spot with cloth soaked in vinegar or alcohol.
INK FROM BALLPOINT PEN: Saturate the
spot with hairspray. Allow to dry. Brush lightly with a solution of water and
SPOT & STAIN REMOVAL PROCEDURE
Blot after each application
Detergent - Vinegar - Detergent - Water
Cleaning fluids - Detergent - Water -
Ammonia - Detergent -Water
Detergent - Vinegar - Ammonia -
Detergent - Water
Detergent - Ammonia - Detergent - Water
Detergent - Ammonia - Vinegar
Detergent - Water
ALPHABETICAL STAIN TREATMENT INDEX
Match each stain with its corresponding procedure
Crème de Menthe
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